Content from The Exodus Network
It happens. You've stumbled across a few financial roadblocks, and now you find yourself with a less-than-stellar credit history. You were hoping to purchase your first house in the next 12 months. Is that dream now far out of your reach?
Depending on your individual circumstances and credit infractions, the great American dream isn't impossible, but most certainly your hunt for low rates and great terms will be more difficult -- but not impossible.
"If you have done serious damage to your credit history you can take your time shopping for a house. Most negative information will stay in your credit record for seven years. Bankruptcies can hang around for 10," says Dagen McDowell with The Street.com.
Well, yes and no. Yes, bankruptcies remain on credit files for up to 10 years, but many people who have had bankruptcies certainly get mortgages in less than a decade. With the re-building of good credit, two or three years is a reasonable wait, perhaps one year in certain cases.
But most people don't go bankrupt. Instead, they have a few dings on their credit history. If that's you, here are some ideas which may be helpful.
Your goal should be to stress the positives in your credit history. Review your credit report thoroughly to make sure it's accurate. Are all items timely? Factually correct? If not, contact the credit reporting agency and ask them to remove such items. Upon receipt of your request they usually have 30 days to remove the item or respond. Because of the 30 day time-period, it's best to send letters by certified mail with a return reciept requested. For more information, Trans Union provides an excellent summary of consumer rights under the federal Fair Credit Reporting Act.
The two other major credit reporting agencies are:
Experian -- TRW
It can help to provide supporting documents to substantiate your claims. Send copies, not originals, to your credit bureau. Such documents typically include detailed account statements and balances and canceled checks that will verify on-time payments.
How can you re-build your credit?
Nolo.com, an online resource both for renters and buyers, offers various tips regarding how to restore your credit. According to the site, the average time required to rebuild one's credit to the point at which you can be accepted for a major credit card or loan is approximately two years.
Rebuilding your credit in order to obtain a mortgage is another matter. The average period required to reach that point, according to Nolo.com, is four years.
However, there's no penalty to speaking with lenders and trying to obtain credit approval faster. Lenders will want to look at the individual facts and circumstances associated with your situation -- did you have a generally good credit history in the past? Was there an event beyond your control which result in financial problems, such as medical bills, a car wreck or a company downsizing? After your credit problems, have you been re-building?
To re-build credit, start small -- perhaps a gasoline credit card or one for a department store. Pay fast and completely as the bills come in. Build up credit lines and credit histories.
Limit yourself to two or three major cards. It's actually advisable to keep two cards if you can because you're diversifying your credit history while further proving your ability to pay off debt.
By all means, however, you don't want to start stuffing your wallet with major credit cards. First of all, the obvious reason: It's much too tempting to overuse them; and second, using too many cards could raise yet another red flag at precisely the time when you want to avoid any more questions in your credit history. Limit yourself -- you can stick to one major "all-purpose" card, along with one department store card then add a bank card and one gasoline card if you'd like. Don't feel obligated to use them frequently just because you have them in your wallet. Use them on occasion. Then make your payments in full and on time so as to avoid interest charges.
Should your application be rejected for any reason, you should consider a couple of options. Some credit card companies offer consumers a card provided they deposit a sum of money into a savings account. Consumers are then issued a card with a credit limit equal to the sum in the savings account. You may also wish to consider finding a co-signer for a major credit card. Quicken.com warns consumers of high-priced "fix your credit quickly" clinics that promise (in 60 days, for example) that promise financial redemption in exchange for a fee. "Although some consumers pay credit clinics hundreds or even thousands of dollars to 'fix' their credit reports, only time can improve bad credit," the site advises. "The key fact: There is nothing a credit repair clinic can legally do to fix a credit report that you can't do yourself for free."
Rebuilding your credit requires time, patience and vigilance, but the rewards -- most namely, homeownership and equity -- are great. For more tips on rebuilding your credit rating in preparation for homeownership, take a look at the following sites:
MSN Money Central
Home Loan Experts.com
Money Scope: Managing Your Credit
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